里程碑:FreeNAS 9.3-RELEASE 正式版发布

2015-1-11 0:44 Herald 5775 FreeNAS新版本

这是一个振奋人心的版本,FreeNAS 9.3 基于 FreeBSD 9.3,我们认为它是 FreeNAS 的一个新里程,增加了许多新的功能,系统使用方面也有较大范围的变化。

需要特别注意的是,FreeNAS 9.3 仅支持 64 位处理器。而且 FreeNAS® 系统从 GPT 分区启动,主板 BIOS 必须支持 legacy BIOS 或 EFI。

[安装/启动]

  • FreeNAS 采用 ZFS 作为启动设备,支持选择一个或多个启动镜像设备,从而提升系统的可靠性。
  • 系统启动时,支持选择不同的启动环境,在管理界面中,可以创建、修改、删除和选择启动环境。
  • 采用 Grub2 作为启动引导程序。
  • 管理界面增加初始化向导,此项功能可以帮助新手快速完成 FreeNAS 全面的设置。
  • 不再提供 IMG 镜像(用于U盘安装),新版本 ISO 镜像不但可以用于刻录 CD 安装光盘,同时可以用于 U 盘引导安装。

[系统更新]

  • 增加自动更新功能。
  • 系统更新界面可以自由选择各种系统版本。
  • 得益于采用了 ZFS 启动设备,可以在各版本系统之间回滚切换。

[文件共享]

  • 新增 WebDAV 共享。
  • 更新 Samba 4.1.13。
  • 增加 NFSv4 支持, 包括 kerberized NFS。
  • Kernel iSCSI (CTL) 完全替代旧版本 iSCSI 代码,支持
    VMWare VAAI (all 7 primitives),MS ODX 和 Windows 2012 集群以及更高的性能和空间利用率。
  • iSCSI 支持关联 iSNS 服务器。
  • AFP 支持对每个共享设置允许访问主机和禁止访问主机。

[目录服务]

  • AD / LDAP 配置文件实时验证。
  • 目录服务管理界面增加 Kerberos Realms 和 Keytabs 设置。
  • 目录服务基于 SSSD (System Security Services Daemon 系统安全服务进程) , 且通过 SSL/TLS 连接 LDAP 服务器。

[管理界面]

  • 用户管理界面重新调整,更容易找到常用选项。
  • 新增 CA 和 Certificate 管理。
  • 合并所有系统变量调节选项,统一管理系统微调选项。
Release Notes for FreeNAS 9.3-RELEASE

There are so many new features and enhancements in FreeNAS 9.3 that these
release notes will break them into categories.  In no particular order,
FreeNAS 9.3-RELEASE offers the following improvements:


[ Installation / Booting ]

* FreeNAS now uses ZFS for the boot device(s), also supporting selection
and mirroring of one or more boot devices for greater reliabilty.
The features of ZFS are also utilized to provide cloned "boot environments"
which allow the system to be rolled back (or even forked) to different OS
versions.

* A boot-time menu is provided for selecting and booting from a specific boot
environment, a new system->boot UI allowing the user to create, rename,
delete and select boot environments as well as running diagnostics on the
boot pool and adding/replacing drives for it.

* Both the installer and the installed system use the grub2 boot loader to
provide boot menus and boot-time UI.

* An install-time "Setup Wizard" is now provided to lead users who may be
new to FreeNAS through the installation and setup process.  Everything
from the user's language, pool, shares, directory services, and initial
settings can be set up through the Wizard.  The Wizard is also careful to
make no actual changes to the system until a final confirmation step, making
it harmless to enter/exit the wizard at any time and simply explore its
capabilities.

* The ISO installation image can now be used both for USB booting or CD
booting (the boot blocks allow for both usage scenarios), making a separate
USB image unnecessary.


[ Updating ]

* While the old manual, monolithic installation and update system is still
supported, the FreeNAS project has refactored its releases into
cryptographically signed packages, provided both as "deltas" from previous
release versions and as full packages, all of which are supplied from a
secure update server.  This server can be polled automatically (default:
once per day), any available updates being downloaded automatically.  When
new updates have been downloaded, the user will receive an alert and be given
the opportunity to apply them.

* Updates are offered along multiple, parallel "trains" that the user can
select from the Update UI.  Older stable trains will offer minimal number
of updates, more current trains will offer new features and a faster rate of
change, and completely experimental trains with new, untested features under
development will be offered to interested pre-release testers.

* Any train can be selected at the user's discretion at any time, trains can
be freely jumped between and, combined with the ZFS boot environment roll-back
feature, the user can experiment with hosting multiple trains in parallel.

* Using the new "install manifests" which allow this multi-train model
to work, it is now possible to verify that your installed bits conform to what
was originally installed (or last updated), making it possible to detect
tampering or inadvertent corruption of the system.


[ File sharing ]

* WebDAV file sharing is now supported.

* Samba upgraded to 4.1.13.

* NFSv4 support added, including kerberized NFS.

* Kernel iSCSI (CTL) has completely replaced the old iSCSI code, adding
support for VMWare VAAI (all 7 primitives), MS ODX and Windows 2012 Clustering
as well as much higher performance and space efficiency (zero'd blocks can now
be reclaimed).  Support for STUN and pool storage thresholds also makes VMWare
behavior far more robust when ZFS pools fill up.

* Kernel iSCSI sequently read performance has been sped up considerably by
improving the way such read requests interact with ZFS

* iSCSI nows supports associating to an iSNS server.

* AFP now allows allowhosts and denyhosts per share.

[ Directory Services ]

* AD / LDAP configurations are validated immediately after input.

* Kerberos Realms and Keytabs have joined the Direcory Services UI.

* Directory Services now based on SSSD (System Security Services Daemon) and
connections to LDAP servers done with SSL/TLS.


[ User Interface ]

* The much hated interface tabs are completely gone and the UI refactored
to put most common UI options first, more esoteric options hidden behind
Advanced modes.

* Settings and Directory Services UIs completely revamped and streamlined.

* Many hitherto difficult to discover features have been moved into their
own sub-categories, new icons also being added where applicable.  The
tree menu and the top-level icons have also been synchronized.

* New UI for CA and Certificate management.

* All tunables have been merged - loader, sysctl and rc.conf variables can
be managed from the same UI.


[ Security ]

* Software updates are cryptographically signed and validated, rendering the
hashes unnecessary for anything but manual updates.

* All passwords for services which have been associated with a FreeNAS/TrueNAS
storage device (e.g. AD, LDAP, VMWare, etc) are encrypted in the database.


[ Miscellaneous ]

* Jail templates have been simplified and only optional templates are
now listed.

* Jails can now use DHCP to acquire their IPv4 configuration; they no longer
require static IP configurations.

* ZFS features added: Embedded Data feature flag, general performance
improvements.

* ZFS snapshots can now be coordinated with VMWare so that whenever a
scheduled or manual snapshot is taken, snapshots of the VMs associated
with the related datastore are first done, then the ZFS snapshot is taken.
The temporary VMWare snapshots are then deleted on the VMWare side, so as
not to impact performance, but still exist in the ZFS snapshot and can be
used as "stable resurrection points" in that snapshot.
These "coordinated snapshots" can be found (and are specifically marked
as such) in the snapshot UI.

{{ headers["x-wp-total"] }} 条评论

{{ post_id = '16' }}

回复 {{ reply_to }}